2 June 2009

PENTECOST-TIDE

For the Byzantine tradition, 'Pentecost' refers to the Fifty Days (so that the 'Pentecostarion' is what modern Westerners might call a 'Paschaltide' book). This is in line with the Greek New Testament; compare "When the days of Pentecost were completed". It seems to me that the classical usage is to call Easter Sunday "the Pasch"; to call the Sundays following "Sundays after Pasch"; to give Pasch an Octave (during which the baptised wore their albae and were catechised) ending on Saturday, after which we say that we have finished (peregimus) the Paschal mysteries. Whitsunday is the day when the Fifty Days have been completed, and, if those Fifty Days are to have an official title, "Pentecost" is what they should be called.

In addition to this, we in the West have a concept of "Tempus Paschale"; "Eastertide", during which Alleluias are multiplied, Regina Caeli is said, and so on. The Easter precept can be fulfilled during this period. Traditionally it ends at None on the Saturday after Pentecost Sunday.

I surmise that misunderstanding has arisen from confusion between the "Days of Pentecost", i.e. the Fifty days which begin with the Pasch and last a week of weeks; and Tempus Paschale. I suspect that these two are not the same thing, despite the fact that treating them as such is at the basis of the Bugnini reform of the Calendar.

Everything above is really a question. I may have got it all wrong. I am seeking enlightenment and failing to find it in the standard places of refence.

Perhaps a reader can put me right!

4 comments:

Chris said...

The Pentecost Octave does leave it unclear when Easter Time ends, in some ways. Are all those extra alleluias Paschal, or merely festal? After all, Corpus Christi is also replete with alleluias, but is definitely not Paschal. And because the Pentecost Octave excludes all other feasts, you can't tell what would happen to their antiphons.

Just to add confusion, Sarum used/uses Vidi aquam, not Asperges me, on Trinity Sunday - perhaps treating it partly as the Octave Day?

Rubricarius said...

The question and hypothesis seem reasonable regarding the 'Pentecostarion'. Paschaltide clearly ended with None on Pentecost Ember Saturday according to the rubric in the Breviarium:

'Post Nonam terminatur Officium de Octava, et, celebrata Missa, explicit Tempus Paschale.'

I don't have anything at hand of Sarum to check what the rubrics say there

Rubricarius said...

Oops, a typo. I meant to write 'ended after the Mass after None'. The Missal gives the rubric after Mass: 'Post Missam exspirat Tempus Paschale.'

rev'd up said...

"these two are not the same thing, despite the fact that treating them as such is at the basis of the Bugnini reform."

Father, I believe you are correct. However in addition, I am of the opinion that "de"form of the Calendar was joined with "de"form of the liturgy. The Eucharist and Agape were joined in un-holy matrimony and the Apostle's condemnation rings as true now against degenerate liturgical innovations as it did the Corinthians of antiquity (there is nothing new under the sun). Would you agree?

If I understand correctly, I am surprised to learn that Byzantines refer to Pascaltide as Pentecost. This is a gross error on their part clearly contradicted by Acts ii.1: And when the day of Pentecost was fully come...