8 September 2009

Created Wisdom

I remember once sharing a mutual concern with that erudite liturgist and beloved bishop David Silk (oh dear, that's not a common combination nowadays). We both, at some time or other, had felt awkward about the custom of the Latin Church of using the 'Sapiential' literature of the Old Testament to apply to Our Lady. It provides some lovely liturgical passages; better men that I am have felt totally easy about it: such as nearly-­blessed John Henry Newman, who employs it in the purple passage at the end of his sermon on the Assumption. But, for me at least, there is the nagging memory at the back of my mind of S Paul's first Epistle to the Corinthians (chapter 1). He there regards Christ as the Wisdom of God Incarnate; just as S John sees him as the Word Incarnate. Since, for a Jew, Wisdom is Torah, S Paul is also saying that our Lord is the Incarnate Torah. How can it therefore be right to say that our Lady, a mere creature, is God's Wisdom? Is that not the title of the Incarnate First Person of the Holy and Coequal Trinity - and therefore a title which not even his Mother may steal from him?

But then I recalled that in the Arian controversy, Orthodoxy had a bit of a problem with these 'Wisdom' passages. If they apply to the Divine Son, does this not mean that passages like He created me from the beginning before the world point to the createdness of the Word; to the Arian formula en pote ote ouk en [there was a time when He was not]? And then I remembered Newman's superb passage:

"Arius did all but confess that Christ was the Almighty; he said much more than S Bernard or S Alfonso have since said of the Blessed Mary; yet he left him a creature and was found wanting. Thus there was a 'wonder in heaven'; a throne was seen, far above all created powers, mediatorial, intercessory; a title archetypal; a crown bright as the morning star; a glory issuing from the eternal throne; robes pure as the heavens; and a sceptre over all; and who was the predestined heir of that Majesty? Since it was not high enough for the Highest, who was that wisdom, and what was her name, 'the Mother of Fair Love, and fear, and holy hope', 'exalted like a palm tree in Engaddi, and a rose plant in Jericho', 'created from the beginning before the world' in God's counsels ... the Church of Rome is not idolatrous unless Arianism is orthodoxy."

The Arians discerned the idea of an exalted mediatorial - yet created - being; the Church discerned that this was not adequate to the full uncreated Divinity of the Divine Son; the Church discerned that what Arius erroneously predicated of Christ is truly said of his Mother, She is the human wisdom, the created wisdom who is eternal in the sense that she was always in the creative mind and will of the Father, the wisdom appropriated by faithful Virgin Israel when her bridegroom God bestowed his covenantal Law from far above Mount Sinai, the responsive wisdom which in the Daughter of Sion was found worthy to give birth to the Divine Wisdom, the human graced endeavour which accepts and contemplates that Wisdom which is God himself, Second Person of the Trinity, our only Redeemer.

2 comments:

andrew said...

This reminds of the way in which someone (like Theodore Mopsuestia) may use those biblical types we take up in affirming the Mother of God - temple, tabernacle, ark, container, rod, ladder - and apply them to Christ Himself.

rev'd up said...

The genealogy Gospel for today's Mass (Nativity BVM) which always brings a tear of joy to my eye (does it affect you this way?). Is it a piece of the puzzle? "The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham."

I marvel at S Matthew's decision not to use the name Bathsheba in the genealogy, referring to her rather as "her that had been the wife of Urias." Whereas, he plainly mentions Thamar, Rachab and Ruth. These three by name, the one named by her murdered husband and finally Mary whose husband was Joseph. The genealogy is Joseph's, not Mary's. Now Father, you refer to her as the "faithful Virgin Israel;" why not Virgin Judah? Why not Virgin Melchizedek? Why not simply Virgin of virgins?

The passage from Isaiah, "He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation?" keeps clamoring in my mind. Mary, the second Eve - Eve whose generation was Adam, the son of God: God the Son, the second Adam, whose generation was Mary at the word of the Angel.