20 July 2010

Newman

I gather the Oxford Oratory plans to celebrate Newman on Sunday October 10, the day after his (first) feast day. I wonder what the rubrical basis is of such a celebration on a Sunday. Also: does anybody know how extensively the memoria of JHN may be kept? Throughout Engalnd? And has anybody heard whether the CDW has issued a corrected version of its ungrammatical liturgical propers?

I imagine many people, like myself, are preparing for the beatification by rereading Fr Ker's biography of Newman, which deserves all the praise which Henry 'Patrimony' Chadwick heaped upon it in his review.

But many might find it a trifle long and daunting to read ab initio usque ad finem. The answer is: to dip and delve. I have recently reread the section on Newman, Infallibility, and Vatican I. As so often with Newman, it is striking how frequently his instincts coincide with those of the Holy Father. It has become a bit of a yawn-making commonplace to say that Newman's comments on Vatican I (how it needed to be 'balanced') prepare the way for Vatican II. Rather more interesting is the way in which his experience of living through the conciliar years of Vatican I increasingly reminded him of the embarassing historical fact that Councils - although a merciful God may protect them from the formal teaching of error - are commonly nasty, messy, and unpleasant phenomena. Joseph Ratzinger came to a very similar conclusion as a result of living through the conciliar years of Vatican II.

Infallibilty is on the agenda for some Anglicans at the moment. There are those who claim to feel unable to seek full communion with the See of Peter because they have trouble with papal infallibility. God forgive me for being judgemental, but I cannot help wondering whether some of these are grasping at this consideration as an excuse for not doing the obvious. Many more Anglican Catholics have been enabled to discern the God-given quality of the Petrine Ministry by living through the self-arrogated exercises of infallibility by tin-pot synods and liberal caucuses.

But if there are are people who genuinely would seek full communion but for this dogmatic problem, I would advise them to read Ker's account of Newman's attitude to the question (and perhaps also Dom Gregory Dix's masterly vindication of the decrees of Vatican I). Newman's quiet faith that the Holy Spirit would prevent the rabid ultramontanes from writing their absurdities into a conciliar decree; his satisfaction when he read the final text ("nothing has been passed of consequence") and realised that the ultras had been as comprehensively beaten as the Gallicans; his profound historical perspective: should reassure any open-minded enquirer. I was interested to be reminded of an often forgotten anxiety of Newman; that the Gallicans would succeed in extending the concept of the infallibility of the Church to matters far beyond Faith and Morals; and that the Ultramontanes would then attempt to secure a decree attributing such an inflated infallibility to the pope. Part of Newman's greatness was this: his unease at the activities of the Wards and the Mannings did not blind him to the even greater dangers looming on the Gallican side. I am tempted to argue that the inflated Magisterium which the Gallicans hoped to secure for themselves and then to set against that of the See of Peter, was a precursor of that inflated Magisterium which Episcopal Conferences tried to grab in the aftermath of Vatican II. (An unease about inflated versions of papal power is another feature common to Newman and Ratzinger.)

Off at a bit of a tangent here ... Not much is known this side of the water about a close Irish friend of Newman's: David Moriarty, Bishop of Kerry. A fascinating man; the British Government's favourite Irish bishop because of his fiece opposition to republican violence. He was, I believe, the only bishop who never actually formally subscribed the conciliar decrees on infallibility and primacy. He was responsible for Killarney Cathedral, one of Ireland's loveliest until an adulterous liberal bishop gutted it in the 1960s.

5 comments:

fieldofdreams2010 said...

Do I understand from this, Father, that Newman's feast-day is to be October 9th? I have not seen this before. I had assumed it would be 11th or 12th August (the latter being my birthday). I shall be sorry if this is not the case.

Joshua said...

Could you explain further, Fr H., about the Gallican fancy of attributing such an inflated infallibility to the Church? I would very much wish to learn more about this.

Figulus said...

I imagine that Newman's day will be ranked a solemnity in the proper calendar of the Oratories of England, so his Mass can be transfered as an external solemnity. Normally, of course, external solemnities only apply to Mass, and not the Office, but if Mass and Office are combined in the presence of the laity, the recommendation in IGLH is to make the Office agree with the Mass.

Dorothy said...

Dear Fr Hunwicke,

Thank you for this and for your many interesting posts.

I thought it would be rather nice to “tag” you for this meme started by Mulier Fortis. Her rules are:

Your favourite three prayers, and why.
Tag five bloggers - give them a link, and then go and tell them they have been tagged. (Don’t worry about this.)
Finally, tell the person who tagged you that you've completed the meme.

The Liturgy and the Sacraments are off limits here. MF is more interested in people's favourite devotional prayers.

It is already something of a struggle to find un-tagged bloggers to pass it on to; but it would be a most interesting little exercise, if you feel you could spare the time to write about your favourite prayers. No pressure!

Best wishes,
Dorothy

Nebuly said...

With Ker one should also enjoy Sheridan "Patrimony' Gilley who has gone before us into full communion